A2 ~ F#5 (2 octaves, 4 notes & 1 semitone)
Light Lyric Tenor
- Mostly able to sing in a relatively relaxed manner within a narrow mid range
- Pitch is mostly pretty adequate within a narrow mid range portion of his voice
- Mixed voice is relatively light and not often pushed with too much chest
- Able to mix relatively easily despite improper connection of the vocal cords
- Up to F#4 able to sing without too much difficulty in his mix
- Lower range possesses tone despite lack of support
- Possesses an understanding of stylistic choices he can make in some of his songs
- Vocal cords never truly connect nor stretch properly
- Often sings by using air instead of proper support
- Falsetto transitions are often pitchy
- Vowel shapes are often closed and tight
- Runs are pitchy and lack flow
- Unable to manage his airflow properly, legato is often laggy
- Voice lacks in dynamics
- Vibrato is very shaky and unstable due to lack of airflow control
- Often sings with a high larynx
- Due to his diction he can often be nasal
- Lower register: The most relaxed portion of his voice. He’s able to maintain tone even to his lowest known note, however he doesn’t possess the correct connection of his vocal cords to produce a fully supported tone.
- Mixed register: Most of his mix is sung with a high larynx. He shows a lack of connection of his vocal cords throughout his whole range, and tends to have the most issues with diction and a closed throat in his mix.
- Upper register: His upper register mostly consists of a falsetto and an occasionally underdeveloped head voice with a very shaky wobbly vibrato due to the lack of proper support and tension in his upper register.
JYP’s musical influences come mostly from the traditional K-pop ballad genre ballad, as well as drawing influences from R&B, dance-pop and funk. As such, he often attempts to change his voice and adopt certain stylistic choices that come from certain genres, especially melismas when singing R&B. Despite this, he has yet to master singing proper vocal runs with any form of precision. Every time he attempts a vocal run, he is unable to maintain enough control of his vocal cords and thus becomes very pitchy. In order to execute a vocal run well, a vocalist must have a consistent amount of airflow being controlled by their diaphragmatic breathing. This airflow then hits the vocal cords, as they connect fully and move freely without tension from one pitch to the other, with enough rhythmic change between each pitch so that they are sung clearly and with precision. To be able to execute runs well a vocal must have good breath support, a relaxed throat and a proper connection within their vocal cords. JYP however has yet to show a grasp of breath support or vocal cord connection, causing him to end up sliding through most of his runs and not being quite at the center of pitch in any of his attempts at vocal runs. This can be heard in many examples of his performances of “너의 뒤에서,” “니가 사는 그 집,” “사랑해 그리고 기억해,” “어머님이 누구니,” “No Love No More” and “That’s What Friends Are For.” On top of that, he has actually criticized a girl auditioning for K-pop star for singing runs with too much precision and proceeded to execute a very sloppy run to demonstrate that they should be less “controlled.”
JYP originally debuted in 1992 under the group “Park Jin-young and the New Generations.” Although the group fared poorly, he re-debuted in 1994 with the hit sing “떠나지마” and quickly rose to fame. He later founded his own company JYP Entertainment in 1997 and began a reign of fame by producing and creating many big groups and idols known in the industry today, such as GOT7, Wonder Girls, 2PM, 2AM, G.O.D., Twice, and etc. As an artist, he mainly specializes in dance pop tunes but also has released quite a few famous ballads throughout the years. He possesses a vast catalog of songs he’s released over the years, that range in genre but almost always become hits. His voice is generally bright and weightless, he doesn’t possess a heavy approach to his singing, usually singing with a light and heady approach overall. His voice is more than likely that of a light lyric tenor judging from the weight and passaggi in his voice.
He is known for his strong performances as well as his signature half-air, half-sound technique. Despite his promotion of the technique, the usage of breathiness in singing is a stylistic choice that many vocalists have done over the years long before JYP’s debut. Michael Jackson, Mariah Carey, Whitney Houston and many other big names have used breathiness in singing to create an effect of softness, vulnerability and some sort of dynamic contrast so that they could allow their songs to grow in volume and in emotional delivery. In JYP’s case however, he’s sung this same way for years and has never changed his approach for singing despite having debuted more than 20 years ago. This means that due to not changing his vocal habits, no improvement or change has happened to his overall singing technique over the years at all.
Although it is commonly believed that the breathiness can create dynamic effects when it comes to singing, to only sing that can greatly limit a vocalist. Proper breath support is established when there is an even amount of air being pushed against the vocal cords, while they remain properly connected. When they aren’t fully connected, air passes through and so a breathy quality is created with one’s singing voice. As long as the vocal cords aren’t fully connected, a vocalist is not able to support their voice properly. So although breathiness can be used as a style, to only sing that way means that a vocalist is unable to use proper breath support when singing, which is the single most basic thing a vocalist must learn to do before learning more advanced singing technique.
From the bottom of his range to the top of his range, JYP does not ever fully connect his vocal cords. Due to that, he doesn’t properly engage his support and so he’s unable to place his sound. His lower range and chest voice lack in term of projection and volume. Impressively he is able to maintain an adequate amount of tone quality even as low as A2 and Bb2, as heard in “밎 잊은 거죠,” and “너뿐이야.” Even though tone is present in his lower range, there isn’t a specific place here he is fully using a correct stretch of his vocal cord, and although tone is mostly relaxed, it isn’t supported.
As he ascends in range, other issues start to arise from his lack of advanced technique. Since he’s yet to grasp the basics of proper breath support, he often sings with too much airiness and pushes too much air in his singing. Due to the pushing of air, his larynx becomes unstable and starts to rise. When singing with a high larynx, his throat closes due to the swallowing muscles becoming tense and he often strains. His mixed voice when phrasing can be quite light, as heard in “너뿐이야” around F#4. However when sustaining notes with a bit more power, he tends to fall back into a throatier approach where his voice is rough, pushed and full of strain even as low as F4. As he sings higher in his mix, he starts to become more and more closed, letting his throat muscles close and causing his vowels to become very tight and narrow. The result is a lot of his upper mix is quite thin and quiet, lacking power and lacking projection. This can be heard with the F#4’s in “사랑해 그리고 기억해,” the G4’s in “너의 뒤에서,” “떠나지마” and “너뿐이야,” A4’s in “That’s What Friends Are For,” “떠나지마” and “너의 뒤에서,” B4’s in “사랑해 그리고 기억해” and C5’s in “어머님이 누구니.”
His upper register is no exception to the rest of his vocal range. His transitions into falsetto are often sloppy and pitchy, as heard in “방문을 닫으면.” Not only that, his falsetto can show a huge change in volume from his mixed voice, going from present and somewhat projected, to really airy and quiet out of a sudden, as heard in “니가 사는 그 집.” Not only that, when he is able to produce a head voice, his lack of airflow causes his vibrato to sound really wobbly and uncontrolled, as heard in “너뿐이야.” As he sings higher in his falsetto, his throat muscles become more closed and his voice becomes thin, shrill and strained, as heard with the Eb5 in “니가 사는 그 집” as well as the F5 in “너뿐이야” and the F#5’s in “Honey.”
Due to the excessive airiness in his singing, he often sounds breathless and is unable to connect his musical phrases very well. Another basic skill of a vocalist is to be able to sing smooth connected lines with a clean legato. Due to the lack of support throughout his whole range, he often sounds like he is singing out of breath even when standing still, as heard in “대잔에 한 이별,” “방문을 닫으면” or “너의 뒤에서.” When comparing older versions of “너의뒤에서” to more current ones, it’s possible to hear that almost nothing has changed when it comes to his approach to singing in general. Despite this he does possesses an understanding of musicality and attempts to change his voice to a rougher approach when singing specific songs, namely “Honey,” where he sings with more style and less airiness. Nonetheless support isn’t present and he often sounds quite tense in this song as well.
As an overall entertainer and businessman, JYP is undeniable a genius. He knows what sells, he knows how to make music that’s catchy and successful on the charts. He knows the formula that it takes to create successful and lucrative idol groups and has been doing fairly well with his own company thus far. However as a vocalist, there’s a lot left to be desired and fixed when it comes to his overall singing technique. What’s most dangerous is that his vocal issues aren’t only his, but he tends to promote them as if they were a correct form of singing. This creates a lot of bad habits in a lot of his artists who are taught to sing like he does, limiting their vocal growth over the years and making them unable to develop their voices to their fullest potential.
JYP’s main role in the music industry is as a smart business man and a composer/producer. As such he’s able to come up with catchy tunes on the spot and has reportedly composed songs, such as Wonder Girls’ So Hot, during flights from one country to another. As a dedicated musician, he is also versatile and able to play many instruments. With this, he has written many songs throughout the years. Unfortunately when it comes to his singing, he tends to lack control of his voice. This causes him to often sound extremely tense, extremely pitchy and messy when attempting to improvise and create new performances of his original songs.
Best Vocal Performance(s)
Analyzed by Ahmin (Kitsunemale)