EXO’s Vocal Analysis: Chen [Rewritten]


Vocal Range

E2 – Bb5 (3 octaves and 3 notes)

Supported Range

A2/Bb2 – A4

Voice Type

Light Lyric Tenor


  • Best Technique in EXO overall
  • Able to support his lower register all the way down to C3 previously, and A2 as of late
  • Often sings with a lifted soft palate
  • Agility has seen improvement since debut
  • Placement is kept outside of supported range
  • Most supported lower register in male tenor idols(and possibly ballad singers) thus far
  • Best sense of pitch in EXO
  • Sings with the least tension in EXO


  • Tends to sing with a larynx vibrato
  • Notes below A2 tend to be unsupported with a low larynx
  • Belts with a high larynx above A4
  • Sings with an overly airy falsetto
  • Occasional sloppy runs


  • Lower: Arguably the most developed lower register amongst tenors in K-pop, idol or not. With a very forward full tone and developed cord connection, he’s able to sing with a lot of ease even in the second octave.
  • Middle: One of the better mixed voices amongst tenors, Chen is able to consistently produce resonance without issues and brings support even as high as A4. Despite that, strain is still obvious and present above A4, where he sings with a high larynx and a tight throat.
  • Upper: Generally airy and disconnected, good placement can be present in his falsetto. However Chen has yet to produce a connected sound in his upper register, not singing either with a head voice nor with proper support in this register.


While not his forte, Chen has seen an improvement in this area. During EXO’s debut era, Chen’s runs would often be sloppy and done without precision or accuracy, often sliding from note to note or simply becoming more tentative and unclear when approaching runs, such as in “Fool“, “The Last Time“, “Open Arms” and “빨래.” However he has learned to sing with more accuracy and precision as time went on. Despite not being as skilled in this area as Kyungsoo, he has shown to be able to handle runs with more ability than previously shown.

Overall analysis

The main vocalist of EXO M and one of the vocalists of EXO, Chen debuted at a skill level higher not only than all of his group members but also higher than most of his peers. While having a naturally high tenor voice and a lot of potential in range, Chen is one of these idols who has taken the time to show improvement and a good work ethic throughout his career as a member of EXO. Despite debuting with a high enough skill level, he never stopped to improve and has made great progress in his singing technique, especially his lower range.

Despite being praised for his high belting, Chen’s strongest register is his lower register. When he first debuted, Chen had support down to C3 and was even able to project notes in the C3 – E3 range with absolutely no effort as seen by the C3 and D3 in “Just Once“, the D3 in “응급실“, the Eb3s in “What Is Love“, “The Last Time” and “빨래.” He always showed a very good understanding of how to properly connect his vocal cords without any use of tension in the third octave, while staying very audible and placing his voice well in his chest and mask. However, after EXO’s hiatus, Chen came back and showcased the ability to support lower as shown by his A2 in “Drunken Truth“, his Bb2’s in “Người Ấy“, his B2 from “Visiting Super Junior” and his C3 in “Love Again.” Below A2 though, Chen loses support and becomes airy though without sacrificing his larynx position as seen in his E2 and F2 in the “Low Note Battle“, his F2 in his duet with Suho, his F#2 in “Drunken Truth“, and his G2 and G#2s in “빨래.”

Chen’s second strongest, and most famous, register is his mix. Even as low as F4 Chen shows a nice forward placement and resonance which, unlike his fellow vocalists, is unhindered by jaw tension. He is able to bring his support and resonance up to A4 by consistently engaging the correct amount of breath support with the least amount of tension, allowing him to sing with freedom and an overall relaxed sound through his mix. This is shown by his F4’s in “The First Show”, “XOXO”, “Nothing Better“, and “Overdose.” His F4’s and F#4’s in “I Really Didn’t Know.” His F#4s in “MACHINE”, “With You“, “The Last Time“, and “Wolf.” His G4’s in “Baby Don’t Cry”, “Lucky”, and “빨래.” His G#4’s in “Miracles In December“, “History”, “Open Arms“, and “Don’t Go.” And his A4’s in “Lucky”, “I Really Didn’t Know“, “In Heaven“, “Best Luck“, “I Miss You“, “Baby Don’t Cry,” and the studio recording of “Although I Loved You“. Despite the support and resonance often present in sustained mixed notes, his laryngeal vibrato tends to make his belts sound rough and even closed at times due to the unnatural tension he uses to create that vibrato. Above A4, Chen begins to push his larynx up as shown in the Bb4 and B4’s from “I Really Didn’t Know” and “With You“, as well as the C5’s in “Mama”, “It’s Still a Dark Night” and “What Is Love.” The C#5 in “Wolf” and the D5’s in “Vesti La Giubba.” The Eb5’s in the “EXO High Note Battle“, the E5’s in” Wolf”, the F5 in “What Is Love“, and the G5 in “Drop That.”

Unfortunately, Chen’s straining is often showcased due to the fact that no other member in EXO M is able to sing the most difficult parts of their repertoire and he will be left having to split singing parts amongst him, Kyungsoo and Baekhyun. To compensate for this, Chen began to lessen the amount of chest in his mix above C5 to avoid dealing with as much strain as he previously dealt with as seen in the D5, E5, and F5 from “El Dorado.” Much like many other male idol groups and even solo singers in the Korean music industry, singing as high as a female is still a part of EXO’s music and in many cases, Chen is one of the only vocalists who can handle singing these demanding high passages. Although he’s minimized the strain in his voice above C5, there’s still a lot of tension in his voice whenever he sings above A4, mostly caused by the unnecessary demand for such high notes in K-pop tenor songs.

Chen’s weakest register is his falsetto which is often overly airy and pushed above D5. At times he’s able to place his sound more forward and produce a more head placed falsetto, such as in “The Last Time” but that usually comes with only the “ooh” vowel where he shows more throat and tongue tension. Although he’s able to stay more or less relaxed in his throat up to D5, he tends to have a more locked jaw when he sings in his falsetto which creates a lack of freedom in this register, as heard in “I Miss You” and “Nothing Better.” As he sings above D5, his voice becomes tighter and tighter, where he is unable to escape the tension present both in his upper mix and his falsetto. To overcompensate for the lack of freedom, Chen uses air pressure and a very forward mask placement to sing from Eb5 ~ Bb5 most of the time, as heard in the “EXO High Note Battle.

As an overall vocalist, Chen is one of the most promising young male idols of the debut era past 2010. Showing great discipline and growing quite considerably throughout his career as a main vocalist of EXO, he’s become one of the top male idol vocalists today and only shows promising potential for the future. To further develop his voice addressing tension in his tongue and jaw would help him free up the upper part of his mix and falsetto range, allowing for him to maintain a more relaxed approach and keeping a more neutral larynx as he sings higher.


Chen is a vocalist who knows his strengths, often using his lower register rather than mixing above B4 when given the choice. He never truly approaches things in a very show offy way, often attempting to keep true to the original versions of his covers. This helps him always deliver songs lyrically and musically rather than trying to do things he’s unable to do. When singing solos he avoids messy performances and favors the dynamic delivery of a song over adding runs and high notes that he could most likely not sing properly.


Competent to Good Vocalist

Vocal Range Video(s)

video by: Edgar Cárdenas

Video by: 1zhxzhx

Best Vocal Performance(s)

video by:1zhxzhx (zhx)

Analyzed by Haruko

(originally analyzed by : zhx)

136 thoughts on “EXO’s Vocal Analysis: Chen [Rewritten]

    1. I translate the title in my head but I read it as It’s Unfortunate and I was like.. “I didn’t know there was a song with that title..” lol It’s not truly a challenging song for him, so there’s not too much room for improvement. His jaw position seems to be better though, which is a plus for sure.


  1. Do you think that a male singer (or even a female singer) trying to sing outside of their supported range too much is going to end up like Christina Aguilera or Bom with damaged vocal cords even if they’re good. Like a tenor who can support up to C5 and a soprano who can support up to F5 but they continuously choose to strain above that range. Like naul sings in the fifth octave slot but he still has healthy vocal cards even at his age


    1. I don’t think so because the way these vocalists strain is a lot less intense than for vocalists who can’t support. Even though there’s tension, these vocalists can support well so the amount of support they have plus the minimal tension would have to be done for a very long period of time for it to really affect them. Naul would have to sing a song in his mix that’s from C5 to C6 only everyday for him to really be damaged.


      1. Thanks that makes sense, so it’s like they still have support it’s just the tension overtakes their support so its not as bad? Anyway my larynx raises very easily and I think you said somewhere untrained people have a naturally high larynx so you have to learn how to bring it down, so I tried singing high while pushing my larynx down at the same time but I stopped because idk if it’s healthy so basically is it?


      2. It’s not unhealthy if it counters the habit of going up, so it keeps it neutral. Try to push your larynx down so that it stays neutral, but don’t push it down so that it’s low. The ideal way to sing would be singing with a relaxed throat by focusing on little to no movement in the larynx at all but that’s challenging. Try to watch yourself singing in the mirror. It’s easier for me cause I have a prominent larynx, but if you don’t it may not be as easy.


      3. Thank you this is hard knowing where is just right but I think I’ll probably get it one day. Also I’m pretty sure I’m a baritone now since I start mixing at C4 and D4/Eb4 is where it starts to get to uncomfortable also I learned how to use my head voice lower so I switch at F4 now. Can I send you me singing in head voice because I think I can support Bb4 but I’m not sure


  2. Could you tell me what was Chen’s rank before it was rewritten? And what year was it? I’m curious about his improvement.
    Sorry if it was somewhere in your article. English is not my native language and i could have missed something.


  3. hello there, I’m wondering who’s better between jongdae and jonghyun? how is jongdae a competent to good while jonghyun is only competent? anyway, thankyou😁


    1. You do realize your second questions answers your first question, right? If Chen is rated higher than Jonghyun then Chen is a better vocalist than Jonghyun. Have you read both analyses to understand why he is better though?


    1. It was never said that he had support in his falsetto. Actually a falsetto can’t theoretically be supported at all since it isn’t a well connected register where the vocal cords are properly stretching. What is said that his falsetto above D5 is strained, so below that there’s less tension and it can be relaxed, but relaxed is not the same as supported.


  4. I was wondering about how to navigate the passaggio, since I always seemed to have a “crack” when I go from G4 to a4, and then having a very hard time from going from a4 to G4. However, I remember, Chen in Growl had the b4(or a note close to it) and there was this slight crack sort of when he descends from g to f#(again in not sure if it’s those notes, but it’s there) is that him transitioning back to his chest? Also, how do I avoid that crack between registers?


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