Mamamoo’s Vocal Analysis: Hwasa


Vocal Range

C#3 – C#6 (3 Octaves)

Supported Range

A3 – C5

Voice Type

Light Lyric Soprano


  • Able to sing down to C#3
  • Can support A3 consistently
  • Is able to achieve resonance up to C5
  • Good sense of dynamics
  • Often sings with a lifted soft palate


  • Pushes her larynx down below A3
  • Extremely chesty mix
  • Notes in her supported range become strained when fatigued
  • Sings with a rather pushed resonance
  • Sings with a disconnected falsetto rather


  • Lower register: Able to support A3. Notes below this are often done with a lowered larynx or a disconnected airy chest voice.
  • Mixed register: Extremely unbalanced and chesty with pushed resonance up to C5. Notes above this are often strained with a high larynx. Consistently able to keep an opened sound in her mix despite throatiness, no nasality is usually heard.
  • Upper register: An overly airy, disconnected falsetto, often used and controlled to an extent but lacking in development.


Often attempts runs, but lacks the proper precision, accuracy, and note separation. Most of the time the direction of pitch in Hwasa’s runs and the idea behind them is more or less accurate, but the execution tends to come out either too unclear, where each individual note is not hit in its center, but instead she slides around the notes, such as in “Wait A Minute” and “Flying Into The Night Sky“, or at times her runs will just sound like a sloppy mush of notes together, such as in “The Way To Sampo“. When she performs slower runs, she is able to separate the notes with more clarity and rhythmic flow is more easily heard, such as in “Passion Flower“. 

Overall analysis

As a lead vocalist for one of Korea’s most well balanced female vocal groups, Hwasa does not fall short when it comes to assets and range as part of Mamamoo. The reason why Mamamoo works is because for the most part, aside from the great harmonizing skills of all members, the group has each member take on a part of their range where they are most comfortable with and that’s why Hwasa is never heard belting too high and instead taking most of the falsetto parts in Mamamoo’s music.

Hwasa’s lower register is more or less average, being able to support A3. Notes above this are often not supported and mushy with a low larynx. The biggest issue that exists throughout Hwasa’s range is an raspy quality caused by either her vocal cords not coming together well enough, letting air come through mostly in her lower range and in her falsetto, or too much compression in her vocal cords where they come together too harshly, mostly present in her mixed voice. To overly compensate for the lack of development of her lower range, Hwasa often pushes her larynx down causing her tone to become muffled and unnaturally deep, such as the F3 in “Flying Into The Night Sky“, G3’s in “Delilah“, G#3’s in “Passion Flower” and “The Way To Sampo“, as opposed to the more neutral larynx and more opened free sound of her voice on A3 and above, such as the A3’s in “Ave Maria“, “Flying Into The Night Sky“, “If I Leave“, “Sting”, “My Heart” and “Love Talk”.

The compression of her vocal cords often causes Hwasa’s mix to sound very pushed, on top of being very unbalanced and extremely chest dominant. Despite this, she is able to achieve resonance on Bb4s in “My Heart Will Go On” and “Love Me”, B4s in “Passion Flower“, “The Way To Sampo” “This Song” and “Orange Colored Sky“,  and C5s in “My Everything“, “Flying Into The Night Sky“, “Wait A Minute“, “Sting”. However, due to the overly pushed amount of air pressure and vocal cord compression present in her singing, her mix can often cause her voice to become easily fatigued. When fatigued she even strains notes in her supported range because of how chest dominant her mix is, such as in “If I Leave“, the B4’s in “The Way To Sampo” and “Delilah“, and the C5 in Mr. Ambiguous. Notes above this however are often overly pushed and done with a high larynx, such as the D5 in “Flying Into The Night Sky” and the E5 in “Passion Flower“, notes which she often avoids sustaining.

Hwasa’s upper register is an very airy, disconnected falsetto that gets shrill around G#5/A5. She is incapable of producing true connection between her vocal cords and producing a full tone with her upper register, therefore not possessing a connected head voice. Not only that, her falsetto is usually thin and lacks in volume, almost always being pushed over its limit in terms of range with a closed throat and a high larynx, such as the A5, C6 and C#6‘s in “The Way To Sampo”. Her throat is more relaxed lower in range, but her falsetto still shows a lack of connection and an overly airy tone production such as in “Ave Maria“, “Passion Flower” and “Flying Into The Night Sky“.

Apart from her vocal runs, Hwasa is a vocalist who’s in control of her pitch and of her placement, often being able to produce resonance. The biggest issue with her technique lies in the overcompensation of correct breath support by overly pushing her voice out with her throat and compressed vocal cords which not only create vocal fatigue, but could easily damage her voice in the long run. For future improvements, more brightness and a better balance of her mix would be one of the first things she should address, as well as better connection of her vocal cords in her lower range and upper register.


As seen in Mamamoo’s Immortal Song 2 performances, Hwasa has a good ear for pitch and harmony. Often, Hwasa’s main purpose in each performance is to provide backing Ad-libs and to counterbalance Solar by being the “softer” vocalist. Her harmonies generally lie on her lower range and her falsetto, not really truly expanding very far into her mixed voice.


Above Average Vocalist

Vocal Range Video(s)

Videos by: Hawaiipups and kpopvocalists

Best Vocal Performance(s)

Analyzed by Haruko

35 thoughts on “Mamamoo’s Vocal Analysis: Hwasa

  1. Haha it’s Christmas day and I just got 9 updates from you guys! I was going to check it later but then my eyes caught out 3 sneaky Mamamoo titles.

    I thought Hwasa would be average! I’m glad to see she’s above that, haha. Hopefully since she’s still young she’ll improve.

    Merry Christmas KpopVocalAnalyses!


  2. so who is the strongest vocalist in mamamoo? is it solar the main vocalist or when who have the healthiest technique? and merry christmas to all of you at KpopVocalAnalyses. enjoy your day as you truly made us happy with these updates! thank you team🙂


  3. After having read through all three analysis, I feel really glad that they are all so evenly balanced and are all rared “above average”, which is really great for a rookie group. Hopefully, they all will progresses equally fast.

    Liked by 1 person

  4. Oh I’m glad her mix didn’t drag her down to average to above average…. her chesty mix sounds like Ailee’s mix except Ailee can support higher lol😄


    1. Yeah, and Ailee more or less doesn’t push until Eb5. When I was reviewing Hwasa, I figured that she was consistent enough with resonance on C5 to be Above Average rather than lower


      1. If you read the analysis again carefully, it s actually said in jessica’s analysis that she is inconsistent and very often, nasal. Like outside the analysis, in my opinion, she sounds nasal most of the time, thus hindering her from achieving true resonance frequently. Hwasa is pretty consistent up to C5, with resonance.


      2. well, if you put it that way. lee haeri has average lower register, not a developed upper register, so-so agility but her consistency in her mixed is superb (up to F#5) and she is rated as good haha. Hwasa supported range is A3-C5 which makes her eligible to be rated as AA vocalist. Jessica is like G#3-B4/C5 but she is inconsistent and nasal even within her supported range. I think someone (ahmin i think) also replied the same thing about why seohyun is A to AA and not AA while Hwasa/wheein/solar is rated as AA.🙂


      3. haha but I am just comparing and reiterating the analyses that has been written by the contributors. lol, it’s still the best to ask the analysts of the respected vocalists if there is anything in detail you would like to know about, since they would definitely know more.🙂


  5. Have you seen her Ave Maria ? I think she did really good and I’m proud of her.

    I’m not a vocalist so I don’t know… if she has a chesty voice wouldn’t she be a mezzo-soprano?

    How do you tell the difference between a mezzo and a soprano ?


    1. Ave Maria is actually mentioned in the analysis. She did it nicely, she just used a lot more falsetto than head voice. Being chesty doesn’t make you a mezzo, a mezzo is a a girl with a lower voice than a soprano, so she needs to have a voice that’s placed lower in range and is thicker in tone naturally, not due to technique. So think of someone like Sara Bareilles, Beyoncé, Lady Gaga or Adele, they have thicker and lower voices than Hwasa in tone, in range and just in overall weight. Hwasa’s voice is naturally much lighter and brighter than theirs even though she sings with a chesty mix.


      1. Oh I’m sorry lol! And thank you for the answer. I’m sorry I never read it until now I always just delete emails and forget that some might have something I actually want to read lol. I should really get out if that lol I just remembered I commented on this but couldn’t even remember what I said so thanks for answering. Also I LOVE Beyonce ik that has nothing to do with this but I just oh my gosh.. Beyoncé.

        Liked by 1 person

    1. We can analyze this performance but as you know we’re kind of busy, so when you ask questions like this it’d be nice if you could be more specific as to why you’re asking. If you’ve read the vocal analyses for all members of Mamamoo, you would know what to expect of them in a performance so unless there’s anything new, analyzing the whole performance at this point would be somewhat pointless considering we already have full analyses for all 3 vocalists of Mamamoo. (This is just something to think about when asking us questions so that we don’t have to be sitting all day answering video questions and can actually write new vocal analyses.)

      0:19 whispering in her lower range, she’s going for that sexy sound but the support is there for Hwasa without a doubt, it’s just the style she’s going for. 0:44 nicely supported for Wheein, slightly nasal though. They sound pretty nice, the control and support is there. 0:59 that was nicely placed. 1:06 that was a nice C5, it was softer than usual and she wasn’t just pushing to sing that. 1:16 the run was somewhat sloppy, it just rhythmically sloppy. 1:29 nice overall for Wheein again, so far they’ve not really gone above C5 or much below D4. 1:47 quiet whispered unsupported G3 for Hwasa, nothing new since this is too low for her. Their outfits are really nice. ^ ^ 2:29 tight D5, but not as pushed as usual. 2:40 D5 that was the usual pushing she goes for, very much just pushed and yelled out with good placement and some degree of support. Not enough support to eliminate the tension. 3:25 phrased C5’s, nicely supported but a bit pushed. Wheein’s E5 3:30 and Solar’s, Wheein’s is much brighter and less pushed, Solar’s is almost all done by pushing from her throat. 3:34 strained E5 for Solar harmonized with Wheein. 3:50 resonant B4 for Hwasa, E5’s by Solar in the meantime she keeps tightening her throat for those and doing some sloppy runs on the way. 4:07 resonant but too pushed, she puts way too much pressure. 4:23 Tight high larynx E5 for Wheein but much less pushed than Solar’s.

      All these things were all mentioned within their analyses.


      1. Maybe it’s because her voice is a bit low than the other Mamamoo girls or maybe it’s just my hearing lol


  6. Hey there
    What is the note hit at 3:23 in Woohoo? I believe that it’s Hwasa but there’s a lot of confusion as to who it really is. Anyway, would it be the highest note she’s “hit”? Thanks


  7. After many listens, I’m pretty sure that the note was hit by Wheein. There is a quick adlib much lower and quieter just before the D#6 which is most definitely Wheeins voice so I think it only makes sense for it to be Wheein.

    Also, I have another question
    Do you think the MAMAMOO members could possibly have wider rangers than what they have shown? And if so, do you think they’ve be able to go lower or higher.


    1. I am pretty sure that is Hwasa because it started with Solar then went to Wheein and logically Hwasa would be next, plus the way she end it with ‘woo’ is so Hwasa thing to do.


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