Girl’s Day Vocal Analysis: Minah

minah

Vocal Range

D3 ~ A5 (2 octaves, 3 notes and 1 semitone)

Supported Range

A3/Bb3 ~ Bb4/B4

Voice Type

Light Lyric Soprano

Strengths/Achievements

  • Good improvement done in pitch and support since pre-debut
  • Mixed voice shows consistency in tone production and support up to Bb4/B4
  • More roundness in placement can happen occasionally in the voice
  • Lower range is supported down to A3/Bb3 usually
  • Even with strain, she’s able to handle high passages for long periods of time
  • Mixed voice is generally head-dominant, which allows it to have more ease
  • Falsetto is generally easily accessed and relaxed up to E5/F5
  • Good rhythmic bounce in singing
  • Strongest vocalist in Girl’s Day

Weaknesses

  • Nasality and whininess are very present in the voice
  • Issues with proper placement in her lower range lead to unprojected low notes
  • May at times let her low notes turn into air or lower her larynx
  • Voice is generally pushed and throaty with a high larynx above B4
  • Falsetto is very disconnected and often airy
  • Voice lacks evenness and roundness in tone
  • Vocal runs are sloppy and messy
  • Bad habits of cutting off her phrases with sudden pushes of air
  • Voice can often be  airy
  • Often sings in a range much higher than her supported range
  • Does not sing with a connected head voice
  • Does not possess a natural vibrato, uses jaw to create a fake vibrato

Registers

  • Lower register: Improved register over the years but has seen very little true improvement in terms of support or placement, whereas just range and tone have been added to the voice. Support is pretty much inexistent below A3 with lots of airiness and oftentimes a lowered larynx to push tone out.
  • Mixed register: Very uneven mixed voice, where placement is often whiny and overly bright. The mixing is more or less head dominant but pushed with the throat and yelled out in the fifth octave. Support is present up to Bb4/B4 however.
  • Upper register: Like the rest of her voice, this register shows signs of strain and pushing, as well as an underlying airiness in tone throughout. Her voice does not connect into a full head voice and instead she sings with a falsetto.

Agility

Minah has previously stated that she draws influences from R&B music and that she grew up listening to it. R&B-style may come off in her singing to an extent, due to her very “bouncy” rhythmic approach in her phrasing but when it comes to actual vocal runs, Minah’s light and bright vocal approach don’t really help her accurately sing through complicated vocal melismas. She tends to sing R&B songs as covers and when she does, she generally seems to lack the ability to accurately separate her runs note by note and to properly smoothen out the rhythmic passages throughout the runs. Examples include performances such as the older version of “Irreplaceable“, as well as recent performances like “Cry Me Out“, “Something” and “사랑했잖아“, where she has shown little improvement in this particular part of her voice, still struggling not to slide through her vocal runs.

Overall analysis

One of the top idol groups of this generation, Girl’s Day, houses their main vocalist who debuted in the group in 2010, Minah. As a younger idol who’s been around for a few years, Minah has successfully created a name for herself as a soloist as well. Possessing a very bright voice, with a light volume output and a high tessitura, her voice is a perfect example of a Light Lyric Soprano in contemporary music.

For a Soprano at a young age, Minah has a somewhat extensive lower range, able to bring her voice down to D3. Even then her overall support and sound become quite airy very early on in her lower range. She’s generally able to vocalize well with a supported well placed chest voice down to B3, however as she descends lower the placement becomes more muffled and her overall sound starts to lean towards an airy approach. Her support is still consistently present down to A3, such as in “날 버린 남자” where she’s able to keep a neutral larynx in her singing, but as she descends in range, she begins to strain her voice by pushing her larynx down in order to keep the tone present in her voice, such as the G#3’s in “나와 같다면“, G3’s in “날 버린 남자“, “가로수 그늘 아래서면” and the F#3 in “Someone Like You“. Below F#3, although she has some range, most of the tone is lost in her voice and she begins to rely on an almost purely air-like tone to descend in range, such as the E3’s in “가로수 그늘 아래서면“, Eb3 in “보고싶다” and D3 in “If I Ain’t Got You“.  This however is still an improvement if compared to her early pre-debut singing where she’d show difficulty in keeping tone even as high as A3, such as in “혼자하는 사랑“.

Her mixed voice is the area of Minah’s voice where she shows the most vocally demanding parts in the group. Minah is able to vocalize with adequate support in her mixed voice within the fourth octave, being able to carry support and a relaxed sound, to an extent, up to Bb4/B4. Examples of this would include her phrased B4’s in “비밀번호 486“, as well as A4’s and B4’s in “날 버린 남자“, where she’s shown that she can produce a somewhat well placed sound with support in the fourth octave. Minah may at times produce small resonance in her mixed voice, but the biggest issue lies in her overall placement and throat tension. Minah has a very bright and light approach to her mixed voice, mostly using a head-dominant mixed voice which allows her voice to handle higher passages with less strain to her vocal cords. Even then vocal strain isn’t absent in her singing and her whole mid to upper mixed voice is produced with a heavily compressed vocal cord approach, creating a tight, throaty and pushed out sound which lacks freedom and proper support. Girl’s Day’s repertoire generally lies quite high in range, with many of the songs going well above Eb5 and having multiple notes in that range throughout the song.  Although a loud sound may be produced, the sound is often yelled out, whiny and strained. Examples of this kind of vocal strain include her C5 in “Nothing Lasts Forever“, C#5 in “Let It Go“, Eb5′ in “All For You“, E5 in ““, F5’s in “여자대통령 (Female President)” and F#5 in “Problem“. If she keeps singing the way she does, she will see a decrease in range over the years due to the damaging vocal technique she uses currently.

Her upper register is generally a disconnected falsetto. Minah does not show the ability to fully connect her chest voice up in range to create an evened out sound with a head voice and instead uses a light approach to her vocal cords and produces an often throaty, airy and raspy falsetto. Her transitions into falsetto can at times lack good flow, such as in “한번만 안아줘” or “보고싶어”, but she generally shows ease with her falsetto without trying to push much volume out and relaxes her falsetto up to about E5/F5, such as in “Show You“.  Above F5, her falsetto begins to become very tight and somewhat pushed, lacking volume, good placement and still keeping a disconnected airy approach, such as the A5’s in “Darling“.

Despite the faults in Minah’s technique, she does have an ear for vocal dynamics and is able to perform fairly well musically given the correct style of songs, such as ballads, pop or R&B. Her pitch has shown good improvement since pre-debut, such as  in “혼자하는 사랑“, alongside a better breathing technique. A stylistic approach she often uses in her singing is adding a compressed push of air through her vocal cords, that cause her to intentionally crack her voice mid-phrase, something very common in her singing but that’s done a bit too often and does not always suit every genre of music she intends to sing. Technically speaking, Minah has a very bright, nasal and airy sound to her singing. She has the bad habit of always pushing her vocal cords too tight to create a louder sound and thus creates more tension in her voice and loses in terms of freedom. This lack of freedom is what causes Minah to be unable to produce a healthy relaxed natural vibrato and instead she has to resort to a fake vibrato, by using her jaw as a shaking device in order to create a vibrato, such as in “날 버린 남자“.

As a member of an idol group and a soloist, Minah has shown passion and professionalism over the years by creating a name for herself as a singer. Although still young, Minah has years of future career to further improve not only her singing but her reputation and establish a name for herself long term. If she is to stay in the K-pop industry for long, better breathing technique, as well as a less airy or compressed vocal approach and straining should be looked into in order to keep her voice healthy throughout years, if not she could experience vocal damage further along her career as a singer.

Musicianship

Vocally speaking, Minah would not really be classified as a risk taker when it comes to adding her own flair to her vocal performances. She does not tend to add intricate vocal runs or melodic changes to songs, although she’s able to add her own style which may at times be caused by her bad vocal habits. Melodically, examples of vocal changes include her avoiding the vocal run at the end of the bridge of “Irreplaceable” and instead adding a falsetto descending run. Another example would be her singing the bridge of “Someone Like You” up the octave in order to create more dynamic tension and a peak in the song, vocally. These changes are generally small and don’t require a high amount of musical ear to process, although she’s able to do them without much trouble and adds her own small style to her covers. Harmonically, she’s able to match her voice well with fellow Girl’s Day member, Sojin, when harmonizing such as in the performance of “Someone Like You”.

Rating

Average Vocalist

Vocal Range Video(s)

Videos by: Hawaiipups and kpopvocalists

Best Vocal Performance

Analyzed by Ahmin (Kitsunemale)

About ahmin3

kitsunemale from YouTube, AhMin33 from Twitter and Ahmin from OneHallyu! https://www.youtube.com/user/KitsuneMale

83 thoughts on “Girl’s Day Vocal Analysis: Minah

      1. “Even with strain, she’s able to handle high passages for long periods of time”
        Ahmin, why did u put this as her achievements? I mean, straining in long periods will damage her throat right? I’m sorry if it comes out like a ridiculous question.

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      2. It’s not ridiculous. It’s just a strength that although she strains, she has strong stamina and her voice doesn’t get fatigued that easily. (Sometimes I try a bit hard to find strengths to say).

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  1. Once again, a well put together article, very nice. I like the fact that you included her and Sojin’s cover of Someone Like You, that’s one of the moments that I really appreciated those two’s vocals. I hope you can do an analysis of Sojn’s as well. She joined King of Masked Singer not too long ago, and although eliminated, I thought she did pretty well. I think she often overshadowed by Minah on group songs but I think she has a really sweet tone to her voice.

    By the way, one question. How can voice strain be avoided? I sing a lot (as a hobby hahaha) and I think I have the tendency to strain my voice too. I also have a friend who’s like that. How we avoid it? Do you have any tips?

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    1. Well thank you! Vocal strain is avoided by singing within a range where you have control and by not pushing your voice in order to sound loud and learning proper breath support. A lot of people want to sing high fast so they yell out as early as possible so that they can sing higher. It’s hard to give tips but always try to use your face, your cheekbones, as a place for your voice to project instead of using your throat to yell out high notes.

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      1. I see. I actually just watched the video about strain and resonance on your YT account and I find it very informative and helpful. How about range? Is there a way for someone to improve their range. Or can a person’s range develop in time at all? Like to be able to sing in a range higher that you used to. If it is possible, how can it be developed? Sorry if I’m asking a lot of questions. Hihihi

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      2. Yes of course. ^ ^ Range changes overtime, when I started singing I couldn’t mix above D4, now I can mix up to A4. So it really just takes practice, muscle development and good technique. You just need to learn singing technique, like the other exercises I talked about in my other videos. ^ ^ Thank you btw.~

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  2. woa.. i thought she is the one of the best lower range of female vocalist when i heard “someone like you”. i remember, you said maybe she is in A to AA, what’s changed your mind? thank you for a very good analysis like usual

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  3. I don’t know why but I always thought she has C5/C#5 down… strange huh… after seeing she only has till Bb4/B4 I know she’ll probably only be average, is Sojin average too? If yes then they are like Secret lol 😄 I like how you used “Melodically” and “Harmonically” 😄

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    1. Well because E5 to F#5 is a full note and E5 to F5 is a semitone, so if you want I can count semitones instead and say D3 ~ D5 is 2 octaves and then D5 to Eb5 to E5 to F5 to F#5 to G5 to G#5 to A5 is 7 semitones which is the same as 3 notes and 1 semitone since every 1 note is the same as two semitones. Does that make sense?

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  4. Is it true when we use heady mixed, nasality is easier to be present (like minah and seohyun)? Because I feel it by myself when I use heady mixed too

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    1. Brightness in tone and nasality can be often mixed up. I think it’s also to do with a bright upper face-mask-nose placement and lack of chest resonance.

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    1. 0:02 she was kind of flat. She is kind of pitch throughout here and there actually, she doesn’t breathe well, she breathes into her chest and not her diaphragm. She must be nervous too though.

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  5. Hey there! Love your blog! Could I maybe request a Jung Dong ha analysis? You can find loads of his performances on immortal songs 2. He’s one of my favorites!

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  6. OMG average??? I could of sworn she was A to AA. This makes me really upset because she has the range, ease, agility and potential but she doesn’t focus on resonance. She’s like the Korean Ariana Grande lol.
    At first when I was making her vocal range video I was like gurrrrl she got this C#5 down! But when I was making my other video, I saw this vid of nothing Lasts Forever

    2:26-end
    I was like yo Sojin you need to call 911 or something to stop her vocal cords from bleeding. I would also get the fire extinguisher to blow away the fire on her face lol

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      1. What would you rate Ariana Grande? Actually, what are her weaknesses? Because everyone always says she is on the star level like Mariah Carey, Beyonce, etc. and that in some more time she will be a legend like them. However, only fans say that, so I wanted to ask you, who knows music- not for a full analysis of course xD what are the issues that are most prominent with her technique? ^^ I can’t believe she is only A to AA….I saw that in a comment somewhere and I am so shocked, I thought she must be at least AA….so I’d like to know if possible please:)

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    1. It might not be as long as the other analyses, but it’s up to date and complete enough imho. I did not write that analysis and so that question should be directed to the author of that analysis. I don’t believe it’s necessary due to the fact that nothing has changed for Jessica. She’s already been updated once.

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  7. Wow i thought she was at least A to AA or AA. I always thought she and IU was around the same but higherxD and they both seem better than Tiffany.
    btw for American artists I’m curious as to what

    Jessie J, Pink, Beyonce, Mariah Carey and Whitney Houston ratings would be
    and Ariana Grande you said was A to AA right?

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      1. Yeah, maybe it’s just their tone i like more than tiffany since tiffany’s voice is husky so her high notes don’t sound as “pretty” as these two.
        And wow i thought beyonce was just “great” but yay!
        thanks, i thought jessie j would be higher but the rest was expected:)

        Liked by 1 person

  8. Lol really? So sunny is better than IU too? So minah and yuri are the same? I actually thought that minah’s even with seohyun or lower than her just abit..

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    1. Sunny might be even or a bit lower, I don’t listen much from both of them but that’s my initial thought after giving a few tries. Minah and Yuri might share the same average category but Minah is a tad better than Yul, for now 🙂

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  9. Ohh. Thanks.. it’s just that minah always have that prolonged high note in every girls day song and she actually sounds nice live.. but i dont know anything about technique.. even i think that seohyun or tiffany cant sing her parts in girls day songs, But i agree that she’s lower than both of them. But being a better vocalist doesnt mean that you’re a better singer right? I mean demi is superior technically compared to ariana but i doubt that she can sing ariana’s song better than her?

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    1. That’s subjective. Singing someone’s song better than someone else just depends on your preference. I mean I’d much rather listen to Tiffany singing Umbrella than Rihanna or even Ailee, but that’s just because I like her voice. Technically I know that Ailee is miles ahead of her vocally. Minah is REALLY throaty in her mixed voice and she yells a lot of her high notes, regardless of her singing live or not. Seohyun has a really bright heady mix, sometimes she lacks power, Tiffany yells too. The only difference between Tiffany and Minah is that she has a lower range. So all in all, if you prefer hearing Minah singing Girl’s Day songs, that’s fine but…who sings it better? Technically, Seohyun would. Would you rather listen to Seohyun or Minah? That’s your preference and you’re completely entitled to it. ^ ^

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  10. off topic but Minah’s eye smile reminds me of Eunji from APink ^.^

    what note was the high/long note that she hit in Ring My Bell, by the way?
    I think Minah is one of those singers whose strong point is that their voice is aesthetically pleasing so people like to hear them a lot (like Tiffany, Soyou) even if they aren’t very high when it comes to technique~ Also what ranking is Girls Generation, Sooyoung? I thought she was better than Yuri because Yuri’s voice is very airy, I heard someone say that?

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    1. I’ll answer both of your questions in one post. So first of all, Ariana is an Average to Above Average vocalist at best. Her weaknesses are that most every note she hits above B4 is strained, throaty, lots of glottal and tongue tension. Her larynx is high and she just has a very uneven nasal heady mix. Her lower range isn’t bad but it’s just airier and less projected than it could be, nasality goes throughout all her registers and her falsetto is weak and strained, often using a falsetto instead of a true head voice or even whistle register. Her supported range is like G3 ~ Bb4/B4. Sooyoung isn’t better…actually I think Yuri has slightly better technique but Sooyoung is pitchy, unstable and her support isn’t very strong. Sooyoung has a nice head voice..she could be a weak or weak to average vocalist, I wouldn’t know for sure. As for Minah’s high note, I believe at 2:28 she hits E5, is that the note you meant?

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      1. So does that mean that ariana’s songs are too high for her? If yes, then how come she sings it so uhhmmm.. easily? Is it possible to sing such high songs beyond your supported range but can sing it easily? Sorry for bad english.. i mean if ill compare tiffany and ariana then i can understand why tiffany can only support till Bb4 or B4 cause it actually shows.. but you said that ariana only supports till b4 so any note above b4 should be harder to sing for her right? But all of her songs are always in the 5th octave and she can actually sing it easily.. why is that?

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      2. Yes they are, Ariana sings songs that often go up to G5 and even Bb5, that is easily damaging to her voice even if she might have a strong instrument that handle strain better than others. No yes I get your question. It is possible, some people like Minah, Ariana..even Seohyun, they sing with lighter mixed voices, so the strain is less damaging to the voice and their voices are used to it. Some people get affected by smoking, some don’t. Some people are easily affected by strain, some aren’t. Notes above B4 aren’t necessarily harder for her to sing, it just means the way she is singing notes above B4 isn’t proper. So even though she can do it “easily”, she is straining her way through the fifth octave. Does that kind of make sense? To be quite honest, I personally can’t sing if I strain, so…if a note is too high for me to sing it properly, I kind of can’t sing it. So to me, I find the phenomena of people like Christina Aguilera, Jennifer Hudson or Ariana Grande really surprising..how they have SO many notes that they can without properly supporting their voices and I also wonder how it doesn’t affect them…but it does, Christina Aguilera’s voice has changed drastically over the years for an example.

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      3. ‘Some people are easily affected by strain some are not’ i really want to know how and why is that? And i always hear some vocal experts( i know you will too) saying that shouting or screaming is bad if you want to to widen your vocal range but it actually works for me.. i mean im a guy and im 21..after puberty strikes i cannot at all sing/yell/shout/scream past an F4/G4 but now i can actually go as high as G#5/A5 when im screaming and my voice changed too from darker/ richer to actually sounding like a girl.. but i actually like it cause i can sing girls songs, there are times i dont sing for a week and when i sing i find it hard to scream/yell notes higher than C5 (i know im not singing) but when i sing all the time i can go as high as G5/G#5..my question is is my range temporary? Cause i know that im forcing my voice to go very high and im afraid that if i wont sing/scream for let’s say a month or two then my voice will go back to being manly?

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      4. I can’t explain why exactly, it’s like how someone can go out at night and get drunk, some will have a hang over the next morning, some won’t. Some of them will have husky voices the morning after, some will sound fine. It just depends on how your body is and how strong it is naturally. Some people aren’t as affected by abuse, some people can sleep 1 hour a night and sing well and some need 9 hours of sleep. I can’t tell you if I don’t hear how you sing because this sound quite odd, I’d have to understand how you’re mixing or what you’re doing with your voice.

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    2. I see~ I am very shocked. When I heard her sing I thought she was Above Average (Ariana). I hope she doesn’t damage her voice<3
      Yes, that is what I meant around 2:28, the E5 ! Thank you so much for answering all my questions so well.

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  11. Do you think that if Minah fixes her bad vocal habits she can get to at least competent? And how would you rate 날 버린 남자 performance?

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    1. We don’t really rate performances but it’s definitely one of her best. Minah could be Excellent if she fixed her bad vocal habits, it would just take time and lots of hard work. For her to be competent, quite a few things would have to be developed in her voice.

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  12. When Girl’s Day debuted they had 2 vocalists that were the lead vocals with Minah and Sojin. But more like Sunny’s position in Girls generation, you know? They left the group 2 months after they debuted! I wonder if they are better than Minah well at least 5 years ago lol

    0:19~0:33, 2:20~2:34, C#5’s and adlibs at 2:50~3:01- Jisun singing
    0:35~0:50, 2:36~2:50, 3:06- Jiin singing

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      1. Yeah I know it’s lip synched. Girl’s Day was a joke back then. I mean just look at this

        I just found out Jisun (the girl with the C#5’s) is in a new girl group called New F.O. They are more of cool kpop group with EDM so I honestly don’t know if she improved. Oh because I’m doing Sojin’s vocal range I hope to send it to you Thursday or Friday but honestly I have a feeling Sojin might be better than Minah. What do you think?

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      2. I don’t think so at all lol Not based off of her singing from King Of Mask Singer… Are you starting her mix on A4? Since she’s not good on C5 or above it’s good to give her some leverage.

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      3. Oh yeah I started her on A4 the first day of making the video. I like Minah’s voice better but Sojin really improved and I think that’s what gives me the feeling. She said that she was really not confident in her voice so she gave all the high notes and hard parts to Minah. But then she realized that she really loved singing so she went into vocal training again and worked hard to improve. All these average singers work hard. It just sucks that there technique is average. AOA even said Choa will stay up all night to get a song right. They say she’s the most hardworking person they ever met.

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    1. What is your question exactly? Do you have any specific doubts that the analysis does not answer? She sang it a semitone below the original key, she was singing many D5’s and F5’s and G5’s, all with a high larynx.

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    1. The comment above yours actually linked her performance with Jessi. :)) I think she sounds nice in this but she doesn’t sound like she’s singing outside of her supported range as much (maybe except for a few notes in the last lines before the falsetto.) But then again it’s not the full performance. I also can’t seem to find the full performance on youtube yet.

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    2. It is a good performance, it’s one of her best performances but I wouldn’t say it’s improvement. It’s a comfortable range except for those C#5’s.

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  13. The other performance. She was eliminated in second round, but it was good to see her there.
    What do you think about this one? Any improvement?

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    1. Is that a problem? As you see the SNSD members aren’t analyzed with bias and are rated fairly according to the criteria so the music we enjoy listening to does not affect our objectivity.

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    2. Okay and what’s your point? Are you insinuating that we cannot accurately analyze vocalist because we like SNSD? If so, you couldn’t be anymore wrong. Just like everyone else, SNSD was rated fairly based on the criteria.

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    1. She was yelling a LOT of F5’s at some parts, there’s nothing special about this performance that makes it even comparable to her best vocal performance. It was kind of improvised so it was messy.

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  14. Hi,

    Could you please describe how you feel about this performance?

    To me, although she’s not the best singer, her voice is one of my favorites.
    I think she has a very beautiful and soothing voice, when she’s singing comfortably.

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    1. It’s funny that you’d ask a question about Minah because I was about to edit and post a new header for her since I felt her old one wasn’t the best I could’ve done. 2:40 is where she started to show more tension, where she was singing with more power and in a higher range. This doesn’t show anything different technically for her, same singing habits and similar strengths/weaknesses. 3:38 was very throaty on that Eb5. This was in a fairly comfortable range for the most part, they didn’t have any drastic key changes or climaxes that had her singing too high with too much tension.

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      1. Thank you ^^

        Yes, unfortunately that 3:38 moment… I hope someday she will be able to improve upon those weaknesses and bad habits.

        I’ve uploaded a few pics of her, if you ever need some for your header 🙂

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      2. Awwww thank you! I already changed it but that’s good for me to make sure I can’t find anything else better. For some reason she looks better on non-photoshoot pictures..So it’s kind of frustrating, since she’s really cute yknow.

        Like

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