EXO’s Vocal Analysis: Baekhyun


Vocal Range

F#2 – C#6 (3 octaves, 3 notes and 1 semitone)

Supported Range

C#3 – G#4/A4

Voice Type

Light Lyric Tenor


  • Extensive range
  • Third most consistent mixed voice in EXO
  • Has shown large improvement from debut to recently in pitch, support and placement
  • Semi agile voice
  • Relaxed falsetto up to F5
  • Able to support notes as low as C#3 consistently
  • Does better in the fifth octave than Chen and D.O.
  • Able to produce a connected head voice


  • Unbalanced, throaty mix above A4
  • Notes below C#3 are more often than not, unsupported, coming out quiet or breathy
  • Occasional sloppy runs
  • Above F5, falsetto becomes airy and squeezed
  • Forces his jaw forward during belts, causing jaw tension
  • Sings with a lowered soft palate at times, causing a more nasal sound
  • Worst Intonation in the EXO vocal line
  • Head voice is inconsistent


  • Lower register: Shows support down to C#3, with one or two supported C3s. Anything below this is unsupported, where the vocal cords become disconnected and the sound becomes unstable, airy and quiet.
  • Mixed register: Bright and Resonant. Able to retain support and resonance up to G#4/A4. Anything above is strained, however. Generally a healthy and balanced full mix is used around his supported range, which then becomes very heady and pushed as he ascends above his supported range.
  • Upper register: The most developed falsetto in EXO, able to produce relaxed strain free notes up to F5 consistently, has shown lots of improvement in this area in relation to pitch and control, as well as transitions.


Second most agile voice in EXO. Decent precision and pitch, though sloppy runs do occur. He has shown a large improvement in this area, showing good precision and note separation and simpler runs and scales, as opposed to earlier in his career where pitch in general would be an issue for him and vocal runs would result in him sliding through notes without a direction or clear idea of the vocal run he’d attempt.

Overall analysis

Baekhyun possesses a bright, masculine voice that shows more in his middle range. He is often chosen as one of EXO’s lead vocalists for solo performances and duets, and is often given the highest notes in EXO songs due to the brightness and headiness of his mix, which although strained, allows for him to stay in a high range for a longer period of time with less vocal effort than Chen or Kyungsoo would need. He has shown one of biggest improvements amongst EXO vocalists in his breath support, control and range, allowing for him to better show the naturally light but masculine characteristics of his voice, which sits in a tenor range and due to the lightness and youthful qualities of his voice, would most likely be classified as a Light Lyric Tenor.

Baekhyun has shown improvement in his consistency in support in his lower range, most notably in his musical performances, where he was able to vocalize down to C#3 with a clean, supported and forward tone, as opposed to the inconsistent quiet and airy tone he had shown earlier in his career. Because of the other lower voices in EXO such as Chanyeol or even Kyungsoo, Baekhyun usually stays above C#3. When he does sing below C#3, however, it is often quiet without support. Usually, whenever he sings C3 or lower, he tends to go off pitch, usually being sharp, because of how uncomfortable his range is to his voice, like in “Old Song” and “The EXO Low Note Battle“. Baekhyun’s lowest note is a F#2, which he hit in the EXO Low Note Battle. This is possibly the lowest note in his range as he was unable to process any lower.

Baekhyun’s most comfortable and developed area of his voice is his mix. When Baekhyun first started, notes like G4/G#4 were unstable with fast, uneven vibrato, like in “What Is Love” and some live performances of “Miracles In December“, or jaw tension from pushing his jaw forward such as in “Baby, Don’t Cry“. As time passed, he was able to develop consistent resonance on G#4, and begin showing resonance on A4, for an example “아직도 어두움밤인가봐“, “The Answer Is You” and some live performances of “Baby, Don’t Cry”. Baekhyun had at one point surpassed Kyungsoo in the F4 – A4 range, becoming EXO’s second most consistent vocalist behind only Chen. However now one can say they’re still quite even in consistency within that range up to G#4, whereas Kyungsoo seems to be slightly more consistent on A4/Bb4. Like Kyungsoo, Baekhyun’s mix above A4 becomes unbalanced, However, while Kyungsoo’s mix has too much chest, Baekhyun’s mix becomes too heady and also takes on a throaty quality. Examples of this are his Bb4 and F5 in “What Is Love”, the phrased B4s in “My Lady“, his sustained D5 in With You on Immortal Song 2, his Eb5 in the “Wolf Demo“, his E5s in “Wolf“, and his F#5s in the “High Note Battle“. Because of how heady his mix is, he is able to belt and sustain higher notes in the 5th octave and endure strain better than Kyungsoo and Chen.

His upper register is the best in EXO. He is able to sing in a relaxed falsetto without strain up to F5, such as in”진정 난 몰랐네“, but once he goes above this, he begins to push too much air through his cords causing him to produce strained, unstable notes. He has once shown the ability to sing  in a connected relaxed head voice, such as the F#5s in the studio recording of “Moonlight”. However his ability to produce a connected head voice can be inconsistent. This is a large improvement as closer to debut, Baekhyun’s falsetto was shown be rather nasal, pushed, strained, and airy even in the middle 4th octave, like his performance of “Love Song“. His highest note is a C#6 on “EXO High Note Battle“.

A light lyric voice, Baekhyun’s agility is the second best in the group. He is easily capable of performing scales on both extremes of his voice with precision such as in the A2 from “Love, Love, Love” and the F#5s from “Moonlight”, and can also perform runs in his mixed voice, like in “아직도 어두움밤인가봐“, “Open Arms“, “Miracles In December” and “What Is Love”. Despite this, Baekhyun still produces sloppy runs such as when attempting Kyungsoo’s “Black Pearl” run on live performances. Earlier in his career, he would consistently produce sloppy, imprecise runs as most, if not all, of the runs on his “Love Song” performance with Chanyeol. Baekhyun used to have rather bad problems with pitch, to the point of being nearly unable to remain in key while singing “Acapella“, also shown in this “Compilation“. While Baekhyun’s pitch has improved, he still has tendency to go off pitch more frequently than ChenSoo. Earlier on, Baekhyun also didn’t sing with a risen soft palate, causing a more nasal placement when singing. This has been corrected though, as nasality appears far less than before.

The most popular member of EXO’s vocal line, Baekhyun’s voice is distinct and easy to recognize in their songs. Due to his extensive mixed range, he is often compared to label mate, TVXQ!’s Changmin. With Baekhyun’s growth rate, it’s quite possible that he might be able to fix his issues with time, most importantly correcting his pitch issues and evening out his mixed voice.


Baekhyun has some knowledge of musicianship, having a decent ear of when to add in runs. Baekhyun prefers to avoid straying too fair from the original, not adding many runs or changes to avoid messing up. Despite this, Baekhyun has the ability to add dynamics in order to emphasize the feeling in the song, such as in his duet with Chen on Immortal Song 2 where he sings the beginning softer and more airy to show sorrow over the person he loves leaving as compared to later in the performance where he sings in a more powerful dynamic to show anger at the bitter betrayal of his trust.


Above Average to Proficient Vocalist

Vocal Range Video(s)

Video by: gangertae (Pedro_0508)

Videos by: Edgar Cárdenas

Best Vocal Performance(s)

Analyzed by Haruko & Ahmin


About ahmin3

kitsunemale from YouTube, AhMin33 from Twitter and Ahmin from OneHallyu! https://www.youtube.com/user/KitsuneMale

423 thoughts on “EXO’s Vocal Analysis: Baekhyun

    1. He sounds fine, there’s nothing new to report. The range was fairly easy and he was mostly singing in a nice slightly airy head voice, up to about B4 throughout the choruses. He wasn’t really going very low or very high in chest voice nor his mixed voice. He sounds nice, his pitch was pretty clean throughout as well.


      1. The analysis say that Baek can do F5 falsetto without strain and I thought that head voice is different with that but still, can I say that Baek can support head voice up to F5 or no? (Sorry for my bad English and thank you for answering my question. I’m new to this so I have lot of things to know.)


      2. At one point I think he also used a connected head voice up to F5, but to say it was supported I’m not sure. I think he has hit supported F#5’s in head voice in studio.


  1. I know this isbaekhyun’s analysis but D.O.’s analysis is still rewritten so ill ask here.
    Is D.O. resonance consistent on his supported range?


    1. He doesn’t “suck” lol. It’s just this song is in an odd range for a tenor it’s only B2-C#4, that’s more like a baritone range so there’s nothing much to mention he’s supporting fine the B2’s are airy but that’s nothing new.


    2. I already answered this but the user had not posted it on the Baekhyun analysis God knows why:

      “1:09 tone on the B2 1:12 tone is sort of there, but he lacks support and his voice becomes very ghostly. 1:21 he’s also lowering his larynx here and there on the B2’s, which causes his voice to lose tone. 1:23 flat, 1:27 flat, 1:30 flat, 1:32 flat 1:41 flat 1:43 flat 1:46 flat. Okay so this duet illustrates the difference between a vocalist who supports and one who doesn’t. I’m going to stop mentioning every single time Suzy goes considerably flat because it’s going to be too many of them. Suzy has no support, she sings without connecting her vocal cords completely so a lot of air escapes through and her vocal cords aren’t connecting quickly enough to find the pitch and center around it. So lack of support, with perhaps not being able to hear herself well, with her not being able to control her voice due to lack of support and improper technique, it causes her to sound really REALLY airy, shallow and very pitchy. This is low for Baekhyun, this is a baritone song so for Baekhyun it sits in a range where his voice doesn’t shine since he’s a tenor. 3:23 flat, nasal, airy. Baekhyun’s voice is so much clearer because his vocal cords are fully coming together and he’s actually using the right amount of support necessary to project without letting too much air through. This range is not a challenging range on the high end at all for Baekhyun at all, it doesn’t go high AT all, it’s even narrow and low-ish of a range for a baritone. So Baekhyun did okay, the key is just not right for him and Suzy didn’t support at all, which isn’t news or unusual.”


      1. This is a very general question, I would appreciate it if you could be more specific. Soft B2’s in the verse for Chen. 0:25 Baekhyun’s B2’s aren’t too bad. 0:34 Xiumin is nasal and thin, without proper support and vocal cord connection. He got thinner and shallower as he sang higher. 1:03 just shouty for Xiumin. The A4’s throughout for Chen are nicely placed, 1:16 aye vowel isn’t relaxed though. 2:40 strained B4’s for Chen after this. The rest follows the pattern of nicely supported comfortable range for Baekhyun, shallowness for Xiumin and Chen’s general patterns.


  2. hi again!

    so i have a few specific questions about some of baekhyun’s singing in one particular video, and then some more general questions about things in general.

    so with this video, starting at 4:00, if the timestamp isn’t working, baekhyun and heechul are sort of joke singing all i want for christmas, and even if it’s joke singing, i’m still a little curious about some stuff here. it gets quite loud occasionally, just as a warning.

    1. at 4:08, when baekhyun sings “there”, it’s pretty shouty and strained, right? also, what note is it?

    2. at 4:30 and on for a while, is baekhyun using head voice? also, although he is only joke singing, how is his little run?

    3. can heechul support at all when he sings? i’m guessing probably not.

    they get startled by fake snow at about 4:54, just for laughs. 😛

    so here, starting about about 2:40, i know that the audio quality isn’t the greatest, but i’m curious about a few parts as well.

    1. at 3:09 , is he using head voice?

    2. if it’s not too much trouble, since it’s only about a 24 second long clip, would it be possible for you to sort of go through and, to the best of your ability, just give a general overview of how he did, what he supported and didn’t support and all of that?

    okay, so now a few questions about baekhyun and head voice in general.

    1. in the analysis, it states that baekhyun is able to produce a connected and relaxed head voice. does this imply support? because i know that being able to produce a head voice doesn’t necessarily mean the capability to support it, but if it’s relaxed, then i sorta assumed that it was supported, i guess.

    2. to what consistency does someone have to reach in order to have head voice counted into their supported range? because i know that some people still use falsetto when they could use a head voice, so how do you know when a falsetto is stylistic or a result of not being able to produce a head voice?

    3. i’m not entirely sure how to phrase this question so that it makes sense, but how much of a factor does consistency play into someone’s ranking? if someone, for example, can occasionally support a head voice but doesn’t always use it and sometimes uses a falsetto, then would that factor into making them better than someone with the exact same other supported range but can never use a head voice? or is it a sort of all or nothing deal.

    welp, this got long again, but thank you in advance! i’m really looking forward to jung dongha and park hyoshin’s analyses~~


    1. Hi! You know how I LOVE specific questions!! lol

      1. 4:08 There was an A4, but it was pushed and flat. It’s not that shouty, it could’ve been much worse.
      2. 4:30 It sounds like head voice, but it’s kind of tight. The run wasn’t bad tbh.
      3. I have not heard Heechul supporting before.

      1. 3:09 If you notice, Baekhyun is one of those vocalists who usually finds it easier to find their head voice when singing with the oo vowel. It sounds like head voice yes.
      2. There’s not much to say. His pitch was good, the run descending was nice. A bit too much pushing on the F4’s but the audio quality may have me fooled. Otherwise very comfortable range for him.

      1. I believe yes that support is implied.

      2. Well it’s not a number, but it’s a matter of how often it comes out, if it comes out the same way in every song. We usually count head voice as part of a consistent supported range when it’s used more often than falsetto, for non stylistic purposes. If they’re singing a song that is really airy and soft, if they use falsetto it’s understandable, but on other occasions where head voice could be expected and they still fail to produce one, then we see that as inconsistency. It requires material to be sure quite honestly.

      3. Well consistency is very important. Consistency is what makes a vocalist with the same exact supported range as another be better overall. Consistency is what determines one’s supported range as well. Yes someone with occasional head voice is better than someone who can’t produce one at all, it factors in when you’re comparing people directly but not necessarily when you’re thinking of a rating since then we look at an overall. But of course like Luna has supported E5’s from Pinocchio, but never again did she support E5’s in any other song, so it’s too inconsistent to count in her favor.

      I am looking forward to them as well. I hope I am able to finish them soon. >_<


      1. ah, okay, that makes a lot of sense (particularly in reference to my very last question). so going off of that, i have a few more questions. 😛

        1. just a hypothetical, but if baekhyun consistently supported his head voice all the way up to his max currently, would he possibly move up to proficient?

        2. also, how much of a factor does how high you can support your head voice play into someone’s ranking? i noticed with the criteria that while the lower range and the mixed section had a particular note (even if that could be swayed slightly based on other things), head voice only had requirements such as being able to produce it or being able to resonate within it.

        3. going off of question number 2, is there any particular reason why head voice doesn’t have a specific note to reach, while the lower range and the mixed range do?

        4. i know that you didn’t write this analysis, but to your knowledge, do you know what baekhyun’s highest supported head voice note is? in the analysis, it mentioned that he could sing (support?) in a head voice up to f#5 in studio, but is that his peak?

        and lastly, 5. when would you say that baekhyun “peaked” or basically reached his highest point vocally? like, a year or a general era or time or something like that.

        also, this is a little bit of a suggestion more than anything else, because i tend to find that i’m curious about this, but maybe you could include something in the analysis about when they’ve reached their highest point, vocally speaking? like some vocalists improve and then stop improving (taemin, maybe, is an example) while others have continuously shown constant improvement, even as of recently (taeyeon, with her head voice which is pretty recent, i think). i don’t know if it would be too difficult to do, but i definitely think that it would be really cool to see. ^-^

        thank you again, for your speedy response to all of my questions. i know that i have a lot. 😛


      2. 1. Actually I think theoretically yes.

        2. The thing is head voice is such an inconsistent thing in pop music, it’s hard to put a specific note to it. You can only do it by comparison and by looking at other vocalists. A soprano supporting E5 in head voice is nice, but not impressive. G5 is pretty nice, but Bb5 that’s becoming more and more impressive. The closer you are to the sixth octave, the more developed your head voice is. For a tenor, F5 is actually pretty nice for head voice. F5 ~ G5 is a pretty good range, but we don’t put it in relevance to a rating because the existence of head voice varies so much from a vocalist to the next. The only time where having a head voice influences someone’s rating 100% is above good. Vocalists who are great or higher all have head voices, including males. But the extent to which it is supported is still left open.

        3. I believe I answered that question in number 2.

        4. I believe F5/F#5 in studio was his peak.

        5. I don’t keep up with any vocalists to that extent to be able to tell where their vocal peak is exactly, since many factors come to play in someone’s vocal career. So I don’t know, I’m sorry.

        We actually have included the highest peak rating for vocalists whose technique has declined over the years. That includes Yesung, Hyorin and possibly Park Bom. I don’t believe a specific time was added to it though. We haven’t really considered adding lowest rating or anything like that to indicate improvement, as improvement is usually addressed within the analyses. ^ ^


      3. oh that makes a lot of sense. ^-^ i really hope that baekhyun becomes more consistent in his head voice (fingers crossed!), and thank you again for answering all of my many questions!

        Liked by 1 person

  3. Since kyungsoo’s is updated and so is chen’s , is there a probability of baekhyun’s being updated too? I want to know if he improves or stays the same. Love your analysis thanks for doing them


    1. There’s absolutely no need for an update on Baekhyun’s analysis, it may not be a 2016 analysis but it’s still accurate and up to date. We usually add content to our analyses as we go, Chen’s and D.O.’s analyses were essentially rewritten as opposed to simply updated.


      1. Oh okay. Since both baekhyun and kyungsoo are light lyric tenor, in your opinion why do Baekhyun gets the higher notes to sing (like eldorado) instead of kyungsoo?


      2. This is hinted at within the analyses. Baekhyun has a headier mix so he can go higher with more ease even though he may not support as high as D.O., it’s quite simple. It’s a mixing range thing.


    1. It’s fine aside from the last better before the F5 at 1:00. He hit C5 while singing in unison with Seohyun which was strained and then the F5 was also strained and closed.


  4. Is his posture good here? Though I do acknowledge that sitting, singing and bending your body forward aren’t really good things to do in unison, but is his position in general too disadvantageous for him here or is it fine?

    By the way, how do you sing the chorus as a Baritone? I want to cover this whole song on piano whilst singing but the chorus kills me everytime especially the “my answer is you”s. I breath badly according to you when you listened to my NCT Limitless Karaoke cover


    1. He’s playing piano. Posture is a problem cause it cuts off the passageways for breathing but overall he’s carrying through. It could be better and it would definitely help to have proper posture but accompanying yourself already poses a few obstacles in focusing on your singing. Sing it in a lower key. Don’t try to sing a song in the key that’s not right for your voice.


  5. Hello.

    In terms of vocal techniques is Suho better than Lay or are they about the same? I see fans debating who’s better but they all seemed very biased so I wanted to come and ask >.<

    And can you comment on Yixing's performance on here?

    I'm very sorry if this was already asked.


  6. Hello.
    Firstly, I wanted you to know how grateful I am for your blog. It’s kinda stupid of me but I never had an idea that there is something like vocal technique. I thought it’s all about talent. I really love to sing but I used to think that if I can’t sing something right it’s just because I’m not talented enough or something. I don’t understand how could I thought like that. It seems so obvious now that there must be a lot of practice to be able to sing well. Anyway I’m writing that to let you know that thanks to you and your blog I started to learn how to sing properly and how to enjoy singing more (because It’s frustrating if you can’t sing and you have no idea what can you do to improve).

    So now I have a question about Bakhyun’s Stronger performences.

    At the 1:13 here

    and 9:41

    it’s the same moment in the song but the way he sang this is different. Is the first one falsetto and the second one head voice or both are falsetto and one is just lighter than other one? I’m really confused when it comes to falsetto. Is it just not supported head voice? I can clearly hear it when it’s light but I’m not so sure when it’s not. I’m sorry if question is stupid but I’m curious. 😀


    1. Hi there! It’s okay, we all learn new things everyday! When I was learning to sing I had no idea we were singing notes like the piano so haha yknow and as for your question, you’re right! The first one is falsetto, the sound was swallowed back in his throat, airy and thin, while the second was placed better, much more connected and better projected with actual support. ^ ^


    1. I wouldn’t say any of them sang it better than the others. Sure Chen is the most opened but overall it’s within a very comfortable range where all of them support and are opened, so there’s no need to say one was better or worse.


  7. Hello! I find this website incredibly fascinating and very helpful when it comes to learning about vocal skills, so thank you for taking the time to answer our questions! Speaking of questions…

    One, I know non-K-pop related questions are thrown out the window, but I’m very curious on Brendon Urie’s (Panic! At the Disco) standing as a vocalist. I consider him to be quite good, but then again, I felt some K-pop singers were excellent and they turned out to be average. Haha. If you aren’t familiar with him, ignore this question.

    Two, I’m not great at picking out notes, so I have no idea what Baekhyun did here at 2:16. It was on a whim so…

    Also, a bit off topic, but do you have any recommendations of strong male K-pop vocal performances? Like your favorites? (Or anyone for that matter.)


    1. What Baekhyun did was slide from the third octave up to E5, in chest voice up to mixed voice. The E5 was really tight and strained. Well Sandeul’s and Kyuhyun’s performances are good examples. Oh thank you for your comment and support btw! As for Brendon Urie, all I know of him is Death of a Bachelor and I Write Sins Not Tragedies, and he is shouty around G4, so that doesn’t sound like he’s anything higher than average from that, as a tenor.


  8. Hey Ahmin,

    Since you speak Spanish and has analyzed Baekhyun, you might be familiar to EXO-K’s “Sabor A Mi” cover.

    Is it just me or is Baekhyun’s resonance REALLY BIG? Maybe it’s due to his round tone too but wow I’m impressed at his resonance especially in that particular performance. Also, I’ve never actually paid attention to his vibrato and in this song he seems to sing it very clearly at the end of his “sabor a mi”


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