Lena Park’s Vocal Analysis

Vocal Range

C#3 ~ F#6 (3 Octaves, 2 notes and 1 semitone)

Supported Range

Eb3 ~ D5/Eb5

Eb3 ~ F6/F#6 (with head voice)

Voice Type



  • Arguably one of the widest supported ranges amongst K-pop vocalists
  • Able to keep a consistent column of sound through her range
  • Resonance is consistently present up until D5, support kept at times above that
  • Able to support notes down to the F3 ~ Eb3 range
  • A pure well produced and controlled head voice, consistently controlled and resonant
  • Great breath control for dynamics
  • Nasality is basically non-existent
  • Musicality is one of her strongest assets, very well established vocalist and knows her style/voice
  • Even and healthy vibrato is achieved often enough
  • A very agile voice, with seamless transitions from chest to mix and from mix to head
  • Capable of jumping from the lowest parts of her range up to the highest without difficulty
  • Never tries to overpower her mix or sing outside of her voice type


  • Notes above D5/Eb5 get inconsistent with throat shape and larynx position
  • Arguably a stylistic choice, her throatiness seems to be uncontrolled on notes above Eb5
  • Notes below Eb3 become slightly cloudy although still with tone
  • Head voice becomes slightly pinched on F#6
  • Notes from E5 ~ A5 can be very strained and pushed
  • Vibrato can at times be too quick and sound uncontrolled
  • Vocal runs can at times lack control and be musically unfitting to the song/style she’s singing


  • Lower register: One of the most well supported low ranges amongst K-pop vocalists, Lena Park is not only able to keep an even production of sound throughout her range but also a stable larynx and a supported resonant sound down to Eb3/E3, and below still keep considerable tone although losing the resonance and becoming a bit cloudy
  • Mixed register: A very inconsistent range and the least developed of her voices. She is able to keep resonance and an even column of sound through her mix up until D5, but then lose resonance and becoming slightly throaty as she ascends and slowly becoming more yell-like than truly supported, even if her voice is placed correctly in the mask, the throat closes and is pushing her voice out.
  • Upper register: A pure range where her voice finds the most freedom, she uses her head voice without any effort, is able to jump quickly through notes and sustain notes for a considerably amount of time in her head voice, even as high as her C6 ~ F6 range, only becoming slightly shrill on her highest peak, F#6.


Possessing a very light and bright voice, Lena Park has the advantage when it comes to vocal agility. Her voice is very agile, able to hit a series of notes with good control and clear note separation, from very low notes to very high notes in her range, she can travel through her range in a second, like her run up to F6 in the performance of “그대안의 블루” with Kim Gun Moo, where she jumps from F4 to F6 in a vocal run, hitting a series of notes in between with precision and accuracy, showing no signs of effort. The problem with Lena Park’s runs is her lack of ability to precisely choose the notes she is going to hit before hand, making her riffs sound slightly improvised and not carefully thought-through, but the agility in itself is very well worked through her voice and it shows as one of her most exercised skills.

Overall analysis

One of Korea’s legends, Lena Park debuted back in 1998 in Korea. A native of Los Angeles, California, Lena Park grew up singing church music and had released a CCM album in 1993. She then chose to take on South Korea and was always treated with praise and considered one of Korea’s first R&B vocalists. Though not really an R&B singer, and more of a ballad singer, Lena Park brought adlibs, improvisations and vocal runs to the spotlight of the Korean ballad scene with her roots in church and her western-like mixed singing style. Although not confident with the Korean language and not fond of TV appearances, she did eventually become more comfortable with appearing on TV and is respected today as one of Korea’s most praised legendary vocalists.

Along with her singing style, Lena Park possesses a very wide range of assets that help her singing. She never was one to sing outside of her voice type, possessing a very girly, feminine, light and youthful quality to her voice, even after years and being into her 30’s, her voice still stands as one of the true Light Lyric Sopranos in Korea. She never tried to add an unnecessary amount of chest voice into her mix or try to sound thicker or heavier, respecting the lightness of her voice and using it to her advantage.

From debut Lena Park already possessed a wide range, but back then her lower range wasn’t as developed as it is today. It had a breathier quality and less projection and support on notes such as E3 and even as high as G3, such as in her version of Mulan’s “Reflection“. With age and maturity, Lena Park was able to make impressive improvements with her lower range, from being quite soft on G3’s, to being able to produce fully supported notes from the G3’s in her performance of “바보“, the D3’s from the live performances of “몽중인“, where tone is still present in her voice and even supported E3’s from her performance of “거위의 꿈“, where she also hit a few C#3’s where her tone wasn’t lost and her supported Eb3’s from her reedition of “이젠 그랬으면 좋겠네“. Truly a very well placed and resonant low range, where her larynx is neutral and the support is completely present very close to the bottom of her vocal range.

Her voice naturally sits higher and should theoretically find itself more easily able to mix high and shine in the upper mixed range, however, Lena Park shows a considerable loss in stamina and vocal power when she ascends into her upper mix. The notes below D5 are most often produced with support, evenness in mix and resonance, examples being the D5’s from “” and her C5’s, C#5 and D5’s in her most recent performance on Immortal Song 2 of “Completely“. However so, it’s clear that her voice lacks the ability to stay fully resonant and strong as she ascends higher than Eb5, where her support starts to quiver. In her performance of “이젠 그랬으면 좋겠네“, her E5’s become throaty and strained half way through the note, when she is sustaining them and above where, although her placement is good and in her mask and no nasality is present, her voice becomes thin, shrill and weak. Her highest peak in her mix is A5, in live performance of JYP’s “Swing Baby” which sounded rather pushed and with a high larynx. Her mixed range is, although much better than the average female pop vocalist and even up there with the better K-pop idol vocalists, still her weakest voice and one where she lacks the full power she tries to portray with her power ballads, sounding rather weak and screeched. Nonetheless even in her performances of “첫인상“, she was able to at times hit F5’s with some resonance, that would suddenly half way through the note become shrill and almost yelled due to the lack of strength in her vocal cords and the lack of support to keep up the power as she ascends in her mix. Nonetheless a more solid range than many of her peers.

The biggest highlight of Lena Park’s voice, however, is her head voice. Unlike her lower range that improved over time, or her mixed range, that more or less stayed the same throughout her career, Lena Park’s head voice was as good as it is today from debut. More recently she doesn’t venture into the 6th octave as often as she used to be, but it was never uncommon to hear very high, supported and sustained 6th octave notes in her album work. Even live, she could easily hit the C#6 from “편지할게요” and “Hard to Say I’m Sorry“, the C6 from “게으름뱅이“, as well as the album sustained notes such as the D6 from “이별하러 가는 길,” “Oh Holy Night,” and the E6 from the studio version of “몽중인“. From her debut album, Lena Park already had hit her highest head voice note, F#6, in her song “P.S. I Love You“, which was also done in the live reedition of the song, although not as opened as in studio. Lena Park could always easily control her head voice, keep it supported, resonant and opened with fullness, brightness and correct head placement, as well as considerable flexibility and seamless transitions from her other voices. She could also contain the amount of breath she wanted and soften her mix slowly during a sustained and soften it into making it a head voice mid-way through the note like in “Completely“.

Speaking of “Completely“, Lena Park also shows a great amount of dynamic and breath control through her performances, one of the most musical vocalists in Korea, she captivates people with her emotional approaches to songs that are delivered successfully through her control of flow, ornamentations, dynamics, vocal effects and rhythm. Her vocal styling at times also may excuse her use throatiness in singing, because it is as though she chooses to adopt that style to further help her song interpretation, even if not being the healthiest vocal approach one should adopt.

The one other negative aspect of her voice, however, is that although her intonation and support are quite consistent, she tends to have an inconsistent use of vibrato, which will at times sound rushed and uncontrolled. Her vibrato can be very even and healthy at times, but at others it comes out throaty and overly fast which is rather unhealthy. She still shows a a control of when and when not to use vibrato, however, opting for straight tone at times and others for her stylistic vibrato or her even vibrato.

Although a Korean legend, Lena Park is not a perfect technical vocalist. A much more advanced vocalist than most of her peers, Lena Park still makes some technical sacrifices for the sake of style. If it weren’t for her sometimes out of place riffs, uneven vibrato and underdeveloped mixed range, she would easily be one of Korea’s strongest technical vocalists. Due to her style and musical choices, she may never really work on developing a stronger and more powerful approach to her mixed range, which results in a very limited sound from E5 to A5, quite a big gap when considering the potential of her Soprano voice. Nevertheless, a very well developed voice from one of Korea’s most respected musicians, Lena Park owns what she does and knows what her voice can and cannot do and what she wishes to do with it.


She is a vocalist who is in complete control of her voice. Lena Park runs through songs adding her own vocal runs, changing the melody of songs and making songs her own every single time she performs them. She is not one to sing a song Karaoke-like, and her agility and ability to always improvise on the spot is one of the assets that sets her apart from most other vocalist. At times her improvisations can either come out a bit messy-sounding or strained when she gets out of her supported mix range, but overall she knows exactly where and what she wants to do with a song when she chooses to sing them.


Great Vocalist

Vocal Range Video(s)

Videos originally by: korkoa

Analyzed by Ahmin (Kitsunemale)


About ahmin3

kitsunemale from YouTube, AhMin33 from Twitter and Ahmin from OneHallyu! https://www.youtube.com/user/KitsuneMale

229 thoughts on “Lena Park’s Vocal Analysis

  1. ‘Arguably one of the widest supported ranges amongst K-pop vocalists”, se ela tem um dos maiores ranges suportados, quem tem o maior? Obrigado.


    1. Ah, e quem tem o menor range do k-pop? BoA do Spica? E quem tem o menor intervalo suportado? Se BoA tem o menor range, isso significa que ela não pode cantar muitas notas, né?


      1. Boa do Spica não tem um alcance curto, tem gente que mal mostrou 2 oitavas. O menor intervalo suportado? Não sei dizer.


    2. Estes tipos de orações são feitas assim sem serem específicas porque a gente não tem como saber quem tem a maior sem escutar todos os cantores que existem o que é impossível então a gente não fala “a maior” a gente fala “uma das maiores.”


      1. Ahhh, entendi, mas… dos vocalistas que vc ouviu falar ou analisou, quem tem o menor alcance ou quem não mostrou nem pelo menos duas oitavas? Eu li algumas análises e vi que Leo e Henry não têm range suportado, pelo o que eu vi, por enquanto só eles não têm suporte aqui no site, mesmo assim obrigado antecipadamente. ^~^


      2. Eu não quero ser rude mas a gente já analisou, a resposta para essa pergunta ta nas nossas análises. Nós até temos a categoria de quantas oitavas os vocalistas mostraram, e todos até agora mostraram no mínimo duas, até a Park Gyuri or a Soyeon. Mas até agora ninguém tem menos que duas, e realmente Henry e Leo são os dois que não tem alcance com apoio, por enquanto.


      3. Desculpa, é que eu realmente não entendo isso de notas ou oitavas, não sei o que significa uma “D5” ou “F5” ou qualquer outra nota, não sei que nota um cantor está cantando… por isso eu perguntei kkk, quem sabe se algum dia eu tiver mais conhecimento, eu possa decifrar e ver quais são as menores, mesmo assim obrigado 🙂

        Liked by 1 person

  2. How would Lena park compare with the rest of the great vocalist that’s been analyzed? Is she better/worse in terms of technique with the rest of the vocalists? And do you think lee young hyun and park ki young are around the same level as Lena park?


      1. I didn’t check the reply until just now lol. Thanks. Did Mariah in her prime support this low too?


  3. so lena’s biggest weakness is her upper mix ya? but her other two are very well developed. hyoshin has all three well developed, often sing in supported range, but their development is just even, not stellar. naul has agility, mix and head reg. normal lower range, but consistently mix above supported register. and i believe ann one is about the same with hyoshin, all well developed reg. so it is probably like hyoshin = ann one > naul > lena. considering their singing range and stylistic choices. then again, they all so great vocalist that their voices loved by most people. that is the matter after all, great technique and adored by many


  4. In terms of musicality, would Lena park be one of the best in Kpop? I love her sense of musicality out of all the singers I know. From your perspective Ahmin, do you think she’s one of your favorite singers in terms of musicality? And, I was confused by when you said she had a “resonated supported sound” in her lower range. Does that mean it’s just fully supported or does it actually mean she resonates on Eb3/E3.


  5. Hello!

    I really like her version of ” Raise me up “. But in the climax of the song, i don’t know, she seems a little “throaty” ? Especially in 4:35.. how was that note?
    Sorry for my bad english and sorry if this is a stupid question, i know almost nothing about vocal technique hahahaha thank you!


    1. I like how softly she speaks, like she is 12. lol She does get throaty in this song, or in upper parts. Sometimes it’s stylistic, sometimes not so much. 4:35 I wouldn’t call that throaty, but I would say it could’ve been less gritty and more opened. It’s a C5. Your English is fine mas você pode muito bem falar em Português comigo se você quiser.


  6. Wow… Even her supported range (including hv) is wider than So Hyang…. And for soprano who support down to Eb3 it’s rare i think… Thanks for analysis….


  7. Based on the analysis, there’s only one example of a performance where Lena supports down to Eb3. Do you know any other performances and songs where Lena had supported down this low (Eb3)?


    1. Back then unfortunately I didn’t have as many examples, the vocal range video is where most examples would be found. Sorry about that.


    1. I’ve wondered the same but I couldn’t really look. The biggest reason because..she doesn’t really sing up there anymore…so I’m not sure.


    1. I would say those are resonant, a C5 to a C#5 but she could’ve been more relaxed and less pushy. The last note was C#5, it was supported and well placed at first but she let it fall into her throat at the end.


    1. Oh that’s nice to hear! I hadn’t heard her head voice in more recent years! 3:07 I do hear support, but I hear more air being pushed than she needs to. It’s all well placed, it’s all head voice but I feel it’s a bit thinner than it needs to be. 3:56 The E6 sounds strained. I’d really like to hear her above Bb5 live in recent years.


  8. Sorry for interruption you. I just watch her performance and i got shock!!!
    Can you tell me about these two performances.
    Sorry for my bad english and thank you so much!! 😁😁😁


      1. The climax of these performance she hit many high note. I want to know it that support? . And the first video at 2.00 did she hit Eb5? It that support? it sound like a mixe head. Thank you so much.😀😀


  9. Sorry interrup you. I found this video of lena park and i want to know in 2.35 ih that support D5? And in 4.59 when she do the vocal run. I heard she run up to F#5 right? Thank you so much.😀


    1. The D5 was better than the C#5, she is pushing more than she needs to. 4:59 The notes could be separated more clearly on the runs, but it’s nothing new. Yes F#5 was the highest note.


  10. Sorry for interrupt you again. I want to know she hit D5 or Eb5? in 2.13. And how about notes in 2.58-3.02 what is that note! It that good for her? And agin in 3.27 what is that note. I try to find her best Eb5. Can you recommend me? Thank you so much again. I love your Blog so much.


    1. Those are D5’s and the placement is more in the throat more so than anything else while the 2:58 note is E5, which was better placed. I’m not sure what her best Eb5 is, you can use the vocal range video in the vocal range section.


  11. Hi, ahmin3. I’m a fan of your blog. Thank you for your analysis!

    This is the performance before her debut.

    In 4:09, 5:40(highest note 5:42 ~ 5:44) and 6:07
    what are those notes?

    in 5:42 is that G5~A5?

    Thank you, best regards


    1. Hi there dear! Thank you so much! 4:09 possible stylistic grittiness but still too gritty. F#5. I think that highest note at 5:44 was a sharp F#5, so she hit G5 which was kind of off key. The rest was like Eb5. 6:07 yes A5 and G5 in head voice.


    1. It’s the tension most of all and the inconsistency with openness and the stability of her vocal cords. Arguably stylistic below Eb5, but above that not so much.


  12. hi i love your blog so much. thank you for your nice analysis.

    F5 in 4.00 – 4.12 it that good? it support?

    in 0.21 and 0.35 what is that note?

    and in 1.43 that look like fully support?

    in 2.49 when she run that note. what is that note Eb5?

    and 2.54 it that D5?

    thank you so much 😀


    1. 4:00 That first F5 was actually really well placed, it had support but was a bit compressed/tight with the vocal cords. The other ones, not so much.

      0:21 F3 0:35 F3, sounds like a lowered larynx. 1:43 F3 this one was better, but she has much better F3’s. 2:49 you mean the 2:45 you mean that note? F5. 2:54 I hear C5.


      1. Wow she can support F5 OMG!!! but the orther F5 after in 4.00 it still sypport? It sound not good like a first F5 she hit.


  13. I just fund oh holy night by lena park
    In 4.09 what is that note D6?

    In 5.25 it that A5 or Bb5? And 5.29 A5?

    In 3.23 C#6?

    And 3.44 C6?
    Thank you so much and Sorry if this annoys. 😁😁


    1. I feel like someone asked about the Oh Holy Night note recently. Yes it’s D6. 5:25 and 5:29 are A5’s. 3:23 C#6 yes. 3:44 No not C6, A5.


  14. Hi ahmin3. You help me a lot. I am very thankful.😁 Can you help me again? Haha 😂

    In 0.34 it that Eb3? It sould like she supported.
    And again in 2.18? Thank you so much.😁


  15. Sorry to intterupt you again. I think i hear support E5 in 7.3? And 8.02 and 8.22 that support D5? In 8.34 that A5? Thank you so much. 😁


    1. Does 7.3 means 7:03 or 7:30? I think you meant 7:35, I wouldn’t call that E5 supported. It’s too gritty and rough. 8:02 You mean 8:08 It’s supported, but the vowel could be relaxed. 8:22 this one is throatier, this isn’t one of her cleanest performance. 8:34 The A5 was a bit pushed, but not bad in terms of support. Could’ve been more relaxed. You REALLY like Lena Park, don’t you.

      Liked by 1 person

      1. Ah… yes l love lena and sohyang so much. Thank you so much for help me everytime. Thank you again😁😁 i learn about vocal from your blog a lot. It amazing.


  16. This is one of Lena’s albums in 2017. What note was it at 0.19 and 0.31. And was she supporting these notes? I have no idea. Sorry for bothering you so late. And HAPPY THANKSGIVING!! I appreciate your analysis on Lena because she’s one of my favorite artists😊


    1. 0:19 0:31 F3 yes I would say they’re supported and thank you, happy thanksgiving to you too! We don’t like to answer technical questions when the videos are studio tracks, sorry. But she did as well as Lena Park would.


  17. O and sorry how did you think she did overall in this video? I noticed she made it more R&B style and she had some smooth transitions to Head voice. I don’t know if I missed out anything else in this video.


  18. Hi ahmin3 again😁 Can you help me in 0.19 it that support F#3? And o.32 it that support F3? And in 0.34 it that support G3?
    In 1.39 G3? And 1.43 F#3? i am no sure bouth support. In 1.45 it that support G#3?

    In 0.18 that F3? And unsupport? And o.50 F3? am not sure it that support. In 1.54 F3? it sould support for me. Thank you so much for always help me. I am practicing my listening skill on my free time. You and your blog help me a lot. Thank you again. 😁😁


    1. See in a diatonic key, you couldn’t have her sing F3 F#3 G3 and G#3 in most pop music, it wouldn’t work. So be careful with hearing intervals. All of those were F#3’s and G#3’s, no G3’s and no F3’s. She’s mostly a bit too airy around F#3 and the G#3’s are perhaps stylistically airier than she needs them to be. Some support is engaged nonetheless but this is 2003 Lena, that’s why.
      There’s much better support in these, although she’s dropping support a bit in the beginning and losing her pitch, before the F3’s actually. Otherwise they carry support, but lose a bit on projection due to placement.

      Liked by 1 person

      1. Hi *0* After I got your advice, can you help me one more time?

        in 0.30 – 0.45 it that A3 – G3 – F3 – A3 – F3 -F3 – G3 – A3 – G3 – F3 – B3 – A#3 ? why it so many low notes here T0T

        And in 1.23 – 1.33

        it that E3!!! – G#3 – G#3 – G#3 – F#3 – A#3 -A#3 – A3 – A#3 – C4 – A#3 – A3 – C#4 ?

        very sorry if this annoys you. Thank you from my heart again. 😀


      2. A, B and A# couldn’t really be in the same key usually. All A’s are A#, G’s are G#’s and F’s are F#’s. There’s no E, the lowest is F#3. Good job though!


    1. No, as you’d expect from a 20 year old performance of such an advanced vocalist, there’s quite a drastic difference and change to her technique and how she sings. She’s improved immensely since then. She wasn’t as steady with breathing, her throat shaping wasn’t as open so she wasn’t as round, she didn’t project her lower range as well and she was slightly more nasal. Her head voice wasn’t as steady. I think she was actually quite nervous to be honest.


  19. Hi,ahmin3 Can you help me again? haha.

    for 2.43 I think I heard her Eb3? it that support?

    in 4.17 it that Eb5 and support?
    thank you so much. 😀


  20. Hi!!! This video is coming out.

    In 1.00 i think i heard E3? That sould
    What do you think about her perfomance?
    Can i say she came back with good stage.


    1. You D5 was a tighter vowel so it lost openness and resonance and the G4 had a wobbly vibrato but placement wise they were all good and the Bb4 and the C5 were resonant to me despite slightly unsteady airflow.


  21. Hello, I would like to say that your blog is very good. I have a project that would like to present the talent of the singer. What if I will borrow some information from your blog? I will credit you with your blog. If not, it’s okay. Thank you very much


  22. I just found this video and I love this performance so much.
    Can you help me in 1.23 and 2.12 those are A4 and Bb4? It sould open and rasonance to me. It that one of the best A4 and Bb4 by her? And in 3.15 it that supported C5 but i think there is someting with her vibrato. Thank you so much.💓💓💓💓


    1. 1:23 That Bb4 was closed at first with the vowel shape but she allowed it to open up right away very well and it was resonant for sure. 2:12 Bb4 yes that’s nice, a bit wide though. I’m not sure, I haven’t heard her Bb4’s like…to compare, I haven’t listened to them all to say it’s one of the best. 3:15 It does have support but her vibrato is pushed/forced, so it sounds very fast, too fast.


  23. Can you help me in 5.01 it that E5? But unsuuported and in 6.01 it F5 or F#5? Idk. That sound good than her F#5 in IAMS 2

    And in 1.02 it that Eb3? Sound supported to me but idk. Thank you so much.😁😁😁


    1. 5:01 The E5 wasn’t that bad, there was a lack of proper stretch of the vocal cords so a bit of tension and grittiness, the F#5 too wasn’t bad but it was more so in her throat. 1:02 I’d say it’s supported yes.


  24. Can you help me in 0.36 it that Eb3 support?

    In 0.45 it E3? and support?
    And in 2.20 it that support D5 with rasonance?idk.

    In 0.47 it that Eb3? But sound a bit soft to me. It support?
    Thank you so much!!!!❤❤❤


    1. 0:36 I’d say yes. 0:47 That one lost projection a bit. 0:45 Yes E3, I’d say it’s a low larynx. 2:20 Definitely not resonant. It was kind of throaty.


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